Position title
Consultant - Perceptions of Land Tenure Security in Pastoral Areas and Related Issues a Study in Kenya [or Burkina Faso or Sudan]

The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) seeks to recruit a consultant to undertake a case study in Kenya [or Burkina Faso or Sudan] that will contribute to a cross-country study on perceptions of land tenure security in pastoral areas for the project SPARC https://www.sparc-knowledge.org  This will include finalising the research protocol, organising and undertaking the research in-country and writing up a country-focused report.

ILRI works to improve food and nutritional security and reduce poverty in developing countries through research for efficient, safe and sustainable use of livestock. It is the only one of 15 CGIAR research centres dedicated entirely to animal agriculture research for the developing world. Co-hosted by Kenya and Ethiopia, it has regional or country offices and projects in East, South and Southeast Asia as well as Central, East, Southern and West Africa. www.ilri.org


Collective (communal) tenure in pastoral areas is complex and multi-faceted. Two layers of tenure security need to be considered: the security of the group and then the security of individuals within the group and differences between them including gender and age. In addition, there is the need for mobility. This makes measuring tenure security including individual’s perceptions and/or perceived tenure security more difficult than for farming/settled households who have a clear ‘individual’ title for a clearly demarcated space, meaning that pastoral tenure and degrees of security are not yet well-captured in global measures and platforms such as Prindex, Landex and other monitoring platforms contributing to the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

ILRI as a collaborative partner in SPARC is undertaking research on land tenure in pastoral areas as a contribution to understand the root causes of conflict. SPARC’s recent review on land tenure and governance in pastoral areas (Flintan et al., 2021) highlighted the increasing pressures on pastoral land and resources over the last two decades and the need to strengthen pastoral land tenure security to enable pastoral communities to ensure continued access to and use of communal land. Secure access to, and use of, land and property – or tenure security – can play a key role in strengthening the ability of asset holders to respond to climate shocks and stresses, as well as incentivising future investments in productivity, adaptation and mitigation (Henley, 2013; Lawry, 2014; Locke et al., 2013).

ILRI with Prindex and Landex, will support the undertaking of case studies in three countries to a) better understand pastoral collective (communal) tenure focusing on perceived tenure security and b) develop characteristics and indicators for measuring it – of the group and individuals within the group.  This will include a country desk-based literature review on collective tenure in pastoral areas – status and trends of change, plus an indepth qualitative field-based case study on collective tenure in a “typical” and “well-functioning” pastoral system.  Key research questions for the study are:

  • What does tenure security (and insecurity) mean for pastoralists and different groupings within pastoralists (men and women) that access and manage land as a collective (communal/community group)? Where are the greatest threats to their perceived tenure security?
  • What are the key characteristics (including dynamics) of pastoral collective (communal/community group) perceived tenure including those related to the tenure of the group as a whole, and then those related to the tenure of the individuals that are part of the group?
  • How best can the key characteristics of pastoral collective perceived tenure be captured as quantifiable measures (indicators) to measure and assess degrees of tenure security (including perceived tenure security?

Scope of Work:

The consultant will hold responsibility for the case study research in Kenya [or Burkina Faso or Sudan]  working under the supervision and guidance of the project ILRI research leads. The consultant will be responsible for the following:

  • Undertaking a literature view and key informant interviews at national level on the status, trends and dynamics of collective tenure in pastoral areas in Kenya [or Burkina Faso or Sudan].
  • Refinement of case study research protocol to fit the Kenyan [or Burkina Faso or Sudan] context including checklist of questions and supporting participatory tools for focus group discussions and key informant interviews.
  • Identification of potential case study research sites, to be agreed with ILRI and partner research leads.
  • Undertaking the research including organising local logistics equipment and local supporting research team. This will include training in research methodologies as required. An important element of the research should be the inclusion of women and youth.
  • Analysis and writing up of the research results according to an agreed outline.
  • Present the findings of the research at a small meeting of key stakeholders for feedback and approval.
  • Present the findings to the research partners and project advisory group members as part of a reflection process on identifying cross-country characteristics of perceived tenure security and ways to measure these.
  • Finalisation of report based on feedback.

Final products:

A final report including literature review and research report, with recommendations of key characteristics of perceived tenure security.

  • A Master or PhD degree in natural resource management, agriculture, drylands, sociology, geography or other relevant disciplines
  • At least ten years’ experience working in research in land tenure and governance in pastoral areas of the case study country of focus
  • At least five years’ experience managing small research teams for field work using qualitative and participatory research tools
  • Proven significant practical knowledge of pastoral areas of the case study country of focus with at least five years field work experience
  • Fluent written and spoken English as well as working language of the case study country of focus
  • Some experience of monitoring tools for land tenure security and advantage
Job Benefits

Consultancy Fee:  Lumpsum or by mutual agreement based on agreed milestones and deliverables

How to Apply

The applicant should provide a 2-4 page outline including the following:

  • An outline of key research questions that you consider will be important to address the outline of the research presented above.
  • Participatory tools that you will use within focus group discussions to facilitate dialogue to answer these research questions.
  • A list of key stakeholder groups that you would target for semi-structured interviews.
  • A proposed timeline for the undertaking of the research based on a project proposed outline of literature review completed by end of December, fieldwork commences in early January for not more than 30 days, and write-up completed by mid-March.
  • A proposed team for undertaking the research.
  • Proposed areas/communities for the single location in which the case study research could be undertaken and justification for these based on indications above (exact sites will be confirmed later).
  • A proposed budget for the research on the understanding that the consultancy contract will be a lumpsum consultancy contract including all in-country field/research costs for which the consultant will be responsible for.

This should be accompanied by a cover letter and CV expressing their interest in the position, what the applicant can bring to the job and the names and addresses (including telephone and email) of three referees who are knowledgeable about the candidate’s professional qualifications and work experience to the Director, People and Organizational Development by clicking on the "Apply Now" tab above before 3 January 2023. The position title and reference number REF: SLS/784/2022 should be clearly marked on the subject line of the cover letter.

We thank all applicants for their interest in working for ILRI. Due to the volume of applications, only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.

ILRI does not charge a fee at any stage of the recruitment process (application, interview meeting, processing or training). ILRI also does not concern itself with information on applicants' bank accounts.

Employment Type
Duration of employment
3 Months
Job Location
Kenya, Burkina Faso or Sudan
Base Salary
Date posted
December 24, 2022
Valid through
January 4, 2023
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